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Japanese Government Sets Out its 'Fifth Generation' Project

Japanese Government Sets Out its 'Fifth Generation' Project

The Fifth Generation Computer Systems [Present and Beyond] (FGCS) was a project run by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry to create a computer using massively parallel computing/processing.  Begun in 1982, it aimed to create an 'epoch-making computer' with supercomputer-like performance and to provide a platform for future developments in artificial intelligence.  Many other countries were launched their own fifth-generation projects around this time.

Leaps in computer hardware technology have been defined by generation:

  • 1st Generation: computers using vacuum tubes;
  • 2nd Generation: computers using transistors and diodes;
  • 3rd Generation: computers using integrated circuits;
  • 4th Generation: computers using microprocessors.

Whereas previous computer generations had focused on increasing the number of logic elements in a single CPU, the fifth generation, it was widely believed at the time, would instead turn to massive numbers of CPUs, running in parallel, for added performance.





Japanese Government Sets Out its 'Fifth Generation' Project

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