IBM RS/6000 SP2 Type 7025
In February 1990, IBM introduced the RISC System/6000 - a family of nine workstations that were among the fastest and most powerful in the industry. The RS/6000 uses Reduced Instruction Set Computer technology, an innovative computer design pioneered by IBM that simplifies processing steps to speed the execution of commands, and Advanced Interactive Executive (AIX), IBM's implementation of the UNIX operating system. Throughout the 1990s, IBM continued to expand and enhance the RS/6000 family with new models offering ever-more speed and number-crunching power, including the RS/6000 SP line of supercomputers. SPs have been used in such tasks as improving weather and climate forecasting, ("Blackforest"), simulating nuclear explosions and defeating World Chess Champions ("Deep Blue")*.
2The IBM RS/6000 and the IBM eServer pSeries Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) architecture is the basis for most workstations and UNIX-based servers in use today, and is widely viewed as the computing architecture of the future. The RISC concept simplified the instructions given to run computers, making them much faster and more powerful. Based on pioneering work at IBMís Thomas J. Watson Research Center starting in 1975, a first prototype was completed in 1980, and the groundbreaking RISC Superscalar RS/6000 was introduced into the market in 1990, providing a lower-cost method of conducting high-performance calculations necessary for engineers and scientists. Today, this powerful computer architecture has applications in many fields owing to its simplicity and speed and it is evolving as the basis for a new generation of faster and more powerful personal computing devices.
IBM introduced the Scalable POWERparallel System in 1993. It was the first in a family of microprocessor-based supercomputers using RISC System/6000 technology new entry-level 2D colour graphics system, a new series of specialized desktop graphics workstations and a new high-performance, high-capacity Network File System server. Seven new systems are added to the RISC System/6000 line in May, including the most powerful entry desktop models to date. Four months later, IBM makes the most significant RS/6000 announcement since the original launch of the RISC System/6000 product line in February 1990,introducing major enhancements to that family of workstations and processors, including four new desktop workstation and server models based on the PowerPC 601 microprocessor and three new high-end models that use IBMís own multi-chip microprocessor, the POWER2, the highest performance microprocessor in the industry. At the same time, the company announces the general availability of its scalable POWERparallel system
*Deep Blue was a chess-playing computer developed by IBM. On May 11, 1997, the machine won a six-game match by two wins to one with three draws against world champion Garry Kasparov. Kasparov accused IBM of cheating and demanded a rematch, but IBM declined and dismantled Deep Blue. Kasparov had beaten a previous version of Deep Blue in 1996.
Our IBM RS/6000 machine type 7025 with a serial number of 3862/414 was very kindly donated by Roman Matiyenko, Support Team Leader at the Department of Computer Science, King's College London, The Strand, London.
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This exhibit has a reference ID of CH6535. Please quote this reference ID in any communication with the Centre for Computing History.