Moore's Law coined
In April 1965, three years before Intel was founded, Dr Gordon Moore noticed that microchip capacity seemed to double every 18 to 24 months. This rate of increase later became known as Moore's Law.
He published a paper in electronics entitled "Cramming more components onto integrated circuits". In this paper, written when an Integrated Circuit contained fewer than one hundred transistors, Moore made the now- famous prediction that ten years later there would be 65,000 components on a single silicon chip, equating to a doubling of transistor density every year.
Remarkably, this prediction held true and the law, now revised to the more popular 'processor clock speeds double every 18 months', has been one of the factors driving development in the industry. Some see it almost as a self-fulfilling prophecy -the law sets the timetable for where manufactures must be if they are to compete. So, if in a year Moore's Law says there should be a 700MHz chip, then in a year's time, that's what you must have.
What is the future of Moore's Law? Andy Groove, former Intel CEO, predicted that Intel will ship a processor with one billion transistors in 2011 which is in line with Moore's Law. Other industry experts see silicon technology reaching its physical limits around 2017. The implications of the continued viability of Moore's Law are profound. In addition to the fact that our increasingly computerized economy will become even more productive, other technologies such as voice recognition, virtual reality, and artificial intelligence begin to appear possible. And speaking of profound, if Moore's Law were to somehow survive on into 2030, the processor would then surpass the computational power of the human brain.
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