International Computers Ltd

International Computers Ltd was a British company formed in 1968 as a part of the Industrial Expansion Act of the Wilson Labour Government. ICL was an initiative of Tony Benn, the Minister of Technology, to create a British computer industry that could compete with major world manufacturers like IBM. ICL represented the last step in a series of mergers that had taken place in the industry since the late 1950s.

The main portions of ICL were formed by merging International Computers and Tabulators (ICT) with English Electric Computers, the latter itself a recent merger of Elliott Automation with English Electric Leo Marconi computers. EELM was itself a merger of the computer divisions of English Electric, LEO and Marconi.

On its formation the company inherited two main product lines: from ICT the ICT 1900 Series of mainframes, and from English Electric Computers (EEC) the System 4, a range of IBM-compatible mainframe clones, based on the RCA Spectra 70.
 

ICL Computers



Computers

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/11

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/11
1981
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/05

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/05
1981
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL DRS8801

ICL DRS8801
1983
The ICL DRS8801 was designed primarilly as a word processor rather than as a general purpose computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL PERQ 2 T1 Workstation

ICL PERQ 2 T1 Workstation
1983
ICL PERQ 2 T1 (or ICL 8222). The PERQ, also referred to as the Three Rivers PERQ or ICL PERQ, was a pioneering workstation computer produced in the early 1980s. The workstation was conceived by six f...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Personal Computer Model 36 - 8122/20

ICL Personal Computer Model 36 - 8122/20
1st June 1984
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL OPD

ICL OPD
1985
The One Per Desk, or OPD, was an innovative hybrid personal computer / telecommunications terminal based on the hardware of the Sinclair QL.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Perq 3A

ICL Perq 3A
1985
The PERQ 3A (otherwise known as the ICL 3300 Advanced Graphics Workstation) was developed by ICL as a replacement for the PERQ 2 in 1985.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

BT Merlin Tonto

BT Merlin Tonto
1985
The Tonto was the same model as the ICL OPD and the Telcom ComputerPhone which was intended for the Australian market.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL DRS M15

ICL DRS M15
1988
The ICL DRS was a range of departmental computers from International Computers Limited (ICL).

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL DRS M45

ICL DRS M45
1988
The ICL DRS was a range of departmental computers from International Computers Limited (ICL).

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Fujitsu PCTV

ICL Fujitsu PCTV
March 1995
ICL Plc announced the PCTV - a fully configured multimedia personal computer and television set with 14 screen and Nicam stereo combined in a single unit, and the Indiana multimedia home computer range, each in a charcoal coloured casing.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer


Date Event
1703 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents the Binary System
1888 Introduction of its adder-lister by William Seward Burroughs
1925 first patent for a transistor in Canada lodged
Jul 1945 Vannevar Bush publishes his ideas for MEMEX, a proto-hypertext system and forerunner to the World Wide Web
1951 LEO I computer became operational
1967 Elliott Automation merged with English Electric
9 Dec 1968 Douglas C. Engelbart publicly demonstrates the mouse
16 Oct 1969 ICL 1906A trebles power at Chilton Atlas Lab
17 Sep 1970 Open University to install ICL 32K 1902A computer
12 Nov 1970 ICL announces system 4/72
1 Jul 1971 ICL go ahead for 5 million sales to Russia
11 Nov 1971 First ICL 1906A arrives in Russia
6 Jan 1972 ICL support saves Consolidated
13 Jan 1972 ICL 1900 Series
20 Jan 1972 ICL 1904A at Farnborough
9 Mar 1972 ICL 1904A
20 Apr 1972 ICL 1906A
27 Apr 1972 ICL 1906S
4 May 1972 ICL government deal
25 May 1972 ICL 4/52
8 Jun 1972 ICL awarded contract by DTI
6 Jul 1972 ICL Key-Edit System
27 Jul 1972 ICL System 4/72
3 Aug 1972 ICL 4/70 and the Post Office
10 Aug 1972 The Future of ICL as a British-controlled going concern
28 Sep 1972 Grundy buys ICL shareholding
5 Oct 1972 ICL 1904S
12 Oct 1972 ICL 4/50 and 4/70
19 Oct 1972 ICL 1940A
26 Oct 1972 ICL 1900
9 Nov 1972 ICL Datastream
26 Apr 1973 ICL launch 2903
3 May 1973 ICL studies giant array system
21 Jun 1973 ICL Key-Edit 1000
21 Jun 1973 ICL launch Key-Edit 100
28 Jun 1973 ICL Grid 77
19 Jul 1973 Biggest Czech order for ICL System 4/72
28 Jul 1973 ICL to get first Grid 77 order
9 Aug 1973 ICL and Ferranti
9 Aug 1973 British Airways Board place contracts worth nearly 2m with ICL and Ferranti
23 Aug 1973 ICL adds 7900 to range controllers
6 Sep 1973 ICL P3 and P4
29 Nov 1973 ICL-based system at Islington
7 Feb 1974 ICL 1901T and 1902T
2 May 1974 ICL receive largest single order yet for 2903s
2 May 1974 Second ICL 1904S to be installed at Queen Mary College
9 May 1974 ICL and CPI
23 May 1974 ICL 1903T/2903
30 May 1974 ICL 2903
Aug 1974 MITS completes the first prototype Altair 8800 microcomputer
1 Apr 1976 ICL2960 system introduced
1977 The RCA CDP1802 microprocessor was used in the Galileo spacecraft
13 Sep 1983 Osborne Computer declares bankruptcy
Oct 1983 Marconi buys Quest CAE Assets
20 Sep 1984 Acorn Launch the ABC Micro
27 Apr 1989 ICL introduces DRS model 40 and 45
7 Mar 1990 Sony Launches Paltop Computer - PTC-500
22 Oct 2008 Android operating system released
20 Feb 2010 First Tweet sent to Twitter on VIC-20
11 Jan 2013 Suicide of Aaron Swartz
13 Jun 2015 Random AKA Mega Ran (Live Music) - 13th June 2015
26 Oct 2016 Business Lecture: Save the Princess - 26 October 2016

Software


 

International Computers Ltd

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