Oric 1 16k

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The Oric-1 was a British-designed and built machine, which was released in 1983. The computer was based on a 1 MHz 6502A CPU. The Oric-1 was available in 16K or 48K RAM variants, for £99.95 and £169.95 respectively, matching the available models of the popular ZX Spectrum and undercutting the price of the 48K Spectrum by a few pounds. Both Oric-1 versions had a 16K ROM containing the operating system and a modified BASIC interpreter.

Oric was the name used by Tangerine Computer Systems for a series of home computers, including the original Oric-1, its successor the Oric Atmos, the later unreleased Oric Stratos/IQ164 and the model born out of that, the Oric Telestrat.

With the success of the Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Tangerine's backers had suggested a home computer and Tangerine formed Oric Products International Ltd to develop and release the Oric-1 in 1983. The Oric is said to be named after the computer, Orac, in the BBC science-fiction series Blake's Seven, according to the December 1982 edition of Practical Computing.

The Oric-1 improved somewhat over the Spectrum with a chiclet keyboard design replacing the Spectrum's renowned "dead flesh" one. In addition the Oric had a true sound chip, the programmable GI 8912, and two graphical modes handled by a semi-custom ASIC (ULA) which also managed the interface between the processor and memory. The two modes were a LORES text only mode (though the character set could be redefined to produce graphics) with 28 rows of 40 characters and a HIRES mode with 200 rows of 240 pixels above three lines of text.

Like the Spectrum, the Oric-1 suffered from attribute clash—albeit to a lesser degree in HIRES mode, when a single row of pixels could be coloured differently from the one below in contrast to the Spectrum, which applied foreground and background colour in 8 x 8 pixel blocks. As it was meant for the home market, it had a built in television RF modulator as well as RGB output and was meant to work with a basic audio tape recorder to save and load data.
According to Oric, about 160,000 Oric-1s were sold in the UK in 1983 with another 50,000 sold in France (where it was the top-selling machine that year).

For further details of the Tangerine company and our Tangerine Microtan 65 click HERE.

Paul Kaufman sent us this link, he is also featured in the article http://oric.free.fr/STORY/chapter1.html

Manufacturer: Oric International
Date: 1st January 1983

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Magazines RELATED to Oric 1 16k in our Library

Item Manufacturer Date
Time-Sharing News July 1968 to June 1969 Time-Sharing News Jul 1968
Time-Sharing News Volume 2 - 1969 Time-Sharing News Jan 1969
Personal Computer World - November 1982 Nov 1982
Your Computer - February 1983 Feb 1983
Personal Computer World - April 1983 Apr 1983
Your Computer - June 1983 Jun 1983
Your Computer - September 1983 Sep 1983
Practical Computing - September 1983 Sep 1983
Your Computer - October 1983 Oct 1983
Special Supplement Practical Computing - October 1983 Oct 1983
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Your Computer - December 1983 Dec 1983
Personal Computer World - March 1984 Mar 1984
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Other Systems Related To Oric 1 16k:

Item Manufacturer Date
Oric 1 16k Oric International 1st January 1983
Oric Atmos Oric International 1st February 1984

This exhibit has a reference ID of CH40164. Please quote this reference ID in any communication with the Centre for Computing History.


Oric 1 16k

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