Christopher Sholes invents QWERTY keyboard
Christopher Sholes (February 14 1819 - February 17 1890) was an American newspaper publisher who invented the QWERTY keyboard.
For several years, Sholes had been developing and refining designs for a typewriter, experimenting with different arrangements of letters. When he sold the manufacturing rights to the firearms producer E. Remington and Sons in 1873, the QWERTY layout looked like this:
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - , Q W E . T Y I U O P Z S D F G H J K L M A X & C V B N ? ; R
This keyboard layout is mostly familiar to us today, but with several notable differences:
In 1878, Sholes was issued U.S. Patent No. 207,559 which contains a diagram of the complete QWERTY keyboard, with the R key taking its rightful place in the top row of letters.