Dates In History

0001 [Detail]
 0001 C. 100 BC The Antikythera mechanism was constructed

1613 [Detail]
 1613 Richard Braithwaite coined the phrase ‘computer’.

1614 [Detail]
 1614 Logarithms Invented by John Napier

1622 [Detail]
 1622 Slide Rule invented by William Oughtred

1623 [Detail]
 1623 Wilhelm Schickard invented a calculating machine
 1623 Francis Bacon first uses Binary

1642 [Detail]
 1642 Pascal's calculator or the Pascaline constructed

1666 [Detail]
 1666 Samuel Morland builds a mechanical calculator that will add and subtract

1703 [Detail]
 1703 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents the Binary System

1791 [Detail]
 26th December Charles Babbage is Born

1815 [Detail]
 10th December Ada, Lady Lovelace, is Born

1820 [Detail]
 1820 The Arithmometer was the first commercially successful mechanical calculator patented

1822 [Detail]
 1822 Charles Babbage takes first steps in the construction of machines that would compute numbers

1833 [Detail]
 5th June Ada Lovelace Meets Charles Babbage

1837 [Detail]
 December 1837 Charles Babbage published a paper describing a mechanical computer that is now known as the Analytical Engine

1851 [Detail]
 1851 Arithmometer: first commercially successful mechanical calculator launched

1860 [Detail]
 29th February Herman Hollerith was born 29th February 1860

1873 [Detail]
 1873 QWERTY keyboard invented

1874 [Detail]
 17th February Thomas J. Watson Sr. is born

1878 [Detail]
 29th October Willgodt T. Odhner granted a patent for a calculating machine

1883 [Detail]
 1883 Scheutz invents the first printing calculator

1887 [Detail]
 1887 Introduction of the Comptometer by Felt & Tarrant Co
 11th October Dorr E. Felt was granted a patent for the Comptometer.

1888 [Detail]
 1888 Introduction of its adder-lister by William Seward Burroughs
 21st January Babbage's Analytical Engine Operates For The First Time
 21st August Burroughs Receives Patent for Calculating Machine

1889 [Detail]
 8th January Herman Hollerith lodges patent for Punch Card technology
 23rd September Nintendo is founded

1890 [Detail]
 1890 Herman Hollerith designs tabulating machines for 1890 U.S. Census
 11th March Hypertext Pioneer Vannevar Bush Is Born
 16th August US Census Bureau announces results using Herman Hollerith's machine

1901 [Detail]
 10th September Herman Hollerith patents Apparatus For Punching Record Cards

1906 [Detail]
 9th December Computer Pioneer Grace Hopper is Born

1910 [Detail]
 1910 3 companies merge to become C-T-R

1914 [Detail]
 1914 Thomas J. Watson Sr. joins C-T-R

1918 [Detail]
 14th July Core memory inventor Jay Forrester is born

1919 [Detail]

1923 [Detail]
 8th November Integrated Circuit Co-Inventor Jack Kilby is Born

1924 [Detail]
 14th February CTR becomes IBM

1925 [Detail]
 1925 first patent for a transistor in Canada lodged
 January 1925 Douglas Engelbart is Born
 28th September Supercomputer Pioneer Seymour Cray is Born

1928 [Detail]
 1928 Introduction of 80-columns card format
 13th December Jack Tramiel is Born

1929 [Detail]
 17th November Herman Hollerith Died

1934 [Detail]
 1934 IBM 405 Alphabetical Accounting Machine introduced

1936 [Detail]
 1936 In 1936, at Cambridge Alan Turing invented the principle of the modern computer

1937 [Detail]
 1937 The Atanasoff–Berry Computer first conceived
 12th November Alan Turing Defines the Universal Machine
 12th November ILLIAC IV Designer Slotnick is born

1938 [Detail]
 1938 Zuse Z1 built by Konrad Zuse

1939 [Detail]
 1st January Hewlett Packard Founded

1941 [Detail]
 12th May Zuse Z3 machine completed

1942 [Detail]
 1942 The Atanasoff-Berry Computer is completed

1943 [Detail]
 1943 The First Computing Journal
 10th April Work begins on ENIAC
 December 1943 The Colossus Mark 1 computer is delivered to Bletchley Park

1944 [Detail]
 1944 First Harvard Mark 1 shipped

1945 [Detail]
 8th February Patent is Filed for the Harvard Mark I
 July 1945 Vannevar Bush publishes his ideas for MEMEX, a proto-hypertext system and forerunner to the World Wide Web
 9th September Grace Hopper recorded the first actual computer "bug"

1946 [Detail]
 1946 ENIAC, short for Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer was announced
 4th February ENIAC Unveiled
 19th February Alan Turing Proposal For 'ACE' Automatic Computing Engine
 11th December Frederick Williams Receives Patent for RAM device

1947 [Detail]
 1947 The Williams tube won the race for a practical random-access memory

1948 [Detail]
 1948 IBM's Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator was built
 21st June The Manchester Baby, the world's first stored program computer, ran its first program

1949 [Detail]
 1949 Professor Bill Phillips unveils Phillips Hydraulic Economic Modelling Computer at the LSE
 6th May EDSAC ran its first programs
 6th May EDSAC performed its first calculations
 15th June Jay Forrester Records "Core Memory" Idea
 August 1949 EDVAC goes online

1950 [Detail]
 1950 Zuse sold first Z4 computer
 1950 The first Elliott 152 computer appeared

1951 [Detail]
 1951 LEO I computer became operational
 1951 UNIVAC-1 goes online
 February 1951 Ferranti Mark 1 delivered to Manchester University

1952 [Detail]
 1952 Heinz Nixdorf founded Nixdorf Computer
 1952 Grace Hopper completes the A-0 Compiler
 4th November CBS News Uses UNIVAC Computer to Predict Election

1953 [Detail]
 1953 Jay Forrester installed magnetic core memory at MIT
 21st January Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft Corporation, was born
 2nd July IBM announces the Model 650 computer

1954 [Detail]
 1954 Jack Tramiel starts Commodore
 20th September First FORTRAN Program Runs
 1st October IBM Announces Model 705 Computer

1955 [Detail]
 24th February Apple Co-Founder Steve Jobs is Born
 28th October Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft Corporation, was born

1956 [Detail]
 1956 IBM brings out the Magnetic Disk Memory
 28th February Jay Forrester Receives Patent on "Core" Memory
 March 1956 Pegasus, produced by Ferranti Ltd., went into service in March 1956
 4th March Wang Sells Core Memory Patent to IBM
 4th July First keyboard used to input data
 13th September IBM introduces the IBM 350

1957 [Detail]
 1957 Ferranti Mercury Introduced
 1957 FORTRAN-1 is formally published
 1957 DEC is founded
 May 1957 LEO II Installed
 14th October BCS - British Computer Society is Founded

1958 [Detail]
 12th September Jack Kilby created the first integrated circuit

1959 [Detail]
 1959 The Xerox 914 is the first office copier for sale
 1959 COBOL is introduced

1960 [Detail]
 1960 DEC released its first mini computer: PDP-1

1961 [Detail]
 1961 LEO III completed in 1961
 1961 Computerized spreadsheets for use in business accounting developed
 25th April Robert Noyce Awarded Patent for "Integrated Circuit"
 25th July Clive Sinclair founds Sinclair Radionics
 1st December Minivac 601 Computer Launched

1962 [Detail]
 1962 "Music from Mathematics" LP was created using an IBM 7090 computer
 1962 The first commercial Modem manufactured
 7th December The Manchester Atlas was inaugurated

1963 [Detail]
 1963 Douglas Engelbart Invents the Mouse
 1963 First edition of the ASCII standard was published.
 1963 Theodore H (Ted) Nelson coins the word Hypertext

1964 [Detail]
 1964 Graphic tablet developed
 1964 Introduction of CDC 6600
 1964 BASIC language developed
 7th April IBM releases the System 360 range of commercial computers
 1st May First operation of BASIC
 October 1964 First operation of Ferranti Atlas
 December 1964 Introduction of DEC PDP-7 18-bits minicomputer

1965 [Detail]
 1965 Introduction of Wang 300 electronic calculator
 1965 DEC unveils the PDP-8,
 1965 Moore's Law coined
 1965 Commodore Business Machines (CBM) is founded.

1966 [Detail]
 1966 The hand-held pocket calculator was invented at Texas Instruments in 1966
 August 1966 Introduction of DEC PDP-9

1967 [Detail]
 1967 Elliott Automation merged with English Electric
 27th June Barclays Bank in the UK claims to have installed the first cash dispenser
 September 1967 Introduction of DEC PDP-10

1968 [Detail]
 1968 Introduction of HP-9100 desk calculator
 1968 T J Watson & IBM granted patent for the DRAM
 February 1968 IBM tests a 8in floppy disc
 18th July Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore found Intel Corporation
 3rd December CDC Introduces the 7600 Supercomputer
 21st December Integrated Circuits First Used in Apollo Moon shot

1969 [Detail]
 1969 Honeywell releases the H316 "Kitchen Computer",
 1969 Intel announces a 1 kilobit RAM chip
 1st May AMD Advanced Micro Devices is founded
 July 1969 First flight to Moon of Apollo XI with Raytheon Apollo Guidance Computer
 16th October DEC PDP-15 Introduced
 29th October ARPANET launch the world's first successful packet-switched wide area computer network
 18th December Plessey buys out Ferranti's Numerical Control Interests

1970 [Detail]
 1970 UNIX is developed
 12th February 5200 computers installed in Britain
 June 1970 Xerox opens the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)
 11th June Computer terminals in homes predicted for 1980
 16th July DEC introduces the PDP-8/E
 17th September Open University to install ICL 32K 1902A computer
 1st October IBM 370/145 introduced
 12th November Univac 1110 is introduced

1971 [Detail]
 1971 First Network Email sent by Ray Tomlinson
 27th May Burroughs introduces L500 Visible Record Model
 8th July IBM's Thomas J Watson retires
 8th July Olivetti launches P602 "minicomputer"
 9th September Decsystem 10 introduced
 7th October Nixdorf merge with AEG-Telefunken
 14th October DEC launches Giant Mini PDP-11/45
 15th November Intel Launches the First Microprocessor - The 4004
 15th November Intel Introduces the World's First EPROM
 25th November DEC launches PDP-11/03

1972 [Detail]
 1972 Foundation of Cray Research Inc by Seymour Cray
 1972 Space Craft Pioneer 10 & 11 use Custom CPU in TTL
 1972 First e-mail program developed
 1972 C programming language developed
 1972 Clive Sinclair introduces the first pocket calculator
 13th January ASC developed by Texas Instruments
 15th January Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP-35
 10th February Burroughs launches L7000 range on UK market
 9th March £1.3m RAF order for Cossor Terminals
 9th March SITA Network
 19th March Atanasoff Official "Inventor" of Computer
 April 1972 The Intel 8008 was introduced
 1st April The Magnavox Odyssey, the first video game console, is released
 27th April Worlds first IBM 370/135 installed in Britain
 29th June Flat screen terminal introduced by Burroughs
 29th June ARPA Network - UK gets link to major US network
 20th July Sigma 6
 27th July Honeywell's 700 range comes to the UK
 3rd August First Infra-Red Data Link transmission in the UK
 10th August The Future of ICL as a British-controlled going concern
 17th August Development of standard OS to be halted
 24th August GE Time Sharing Service
 5th October NCR 399
 12th October 370/125 and OCR reader from IBM
 26th October Burroughs Launch L8000 Range of Computers
 9th November IBM's DOS/VS
 9th November Fujitsu and Hitachi in joint deal
 23rd November Terminal range boosted by Burroughs TC 3500
 29th November Atari Introduces Pong
 7th December UK launch for Burroughs L8000 range
 14th December Problems with IBM 370/155 and 370/165

1973 [Detail]
 1973 Xerox Alto personal computer was developed at Xerox PARC
 1973 Gary Kildall writes CP/M
 1973 IMSAI is founded. In 1973
 1973 The Micral was the earliest commercial, non-kit personal computer
 1973 8" floppy & first "Hard Drive" introduced by IBM
 8th February IBM 370/145 product range released
 22nd May Bob Metcalfe invents Ethernet
 6th September Britain exports more computing equipment than it imports
 15th November IBM in Nigeria

1974 [Detail]
 1974 The Z-80, 8 bit processor is designed by Zilog Corp
 1974 Xerox Palo Alto Research Center designed the Alto
 April 1974 introduction of Intel 8080 2MHz microprocessor
 16th May NCR 250-6000
 6th June GA LSI 12/16 and LSI16
 13th June Philips P852M
 August 1974 MITS completes the first prototype Altair 8800 microcomputer
 November 1974 MITS Altair launched on the cover of Popular Electronics magazine

1975 [Detail]
 1975 Paul Allen and Bill Gates launch Altair BASIC
 1975 CP/M operating system finished
 July 1975 Bill Gates and Paul Allen sign a licensing agreement with MITS
 August 1975 Cray 1A announced
 15th September Microsoft Founded

1976 [Detail]
 1976 Seymour Cray demonstrates CRAY-1 - The first vector-processor supercomputer
 1976 The 5 1/4" flexible disk drive was introduced
 22nd January Dec System 20 introduced
 4th March Intel introduce SBC-80/10 "computer on a card"
 April 1976 Apple 1 Released
 1st April Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs and Ronald Wayne Found Apple Computer Inc.
 20th May Burroughs introduce the large B7700 series
 11th July Last slide rule manufactured today

1977 [Detail]
 1977 The RCA CDP1802 microprocessor was used in the Galileo spacecraft
 1977 The MK14 was introduced by Science of Cambridge
 6th April Commodore International shows its Commodore PET 2001
 5th June The Apple II launched
 July 1977 Science of Cambridge Ltd Formed
 12th August Radio Shack announces TRS-80 computer

1978 [Detail]
 1978 VisiCalc Spreadsheet is born
 1978 Texas Instruments introduced Speak & Spell
 5th December Acorn Computers Ltd formed in Cambridge, UK

1979 [Detail]
 1st January Microsoft moves from Albuquerque, New Mexico to Bellevue, Washington
 April 1979 Acorn System 1 Launched
 11th May VisiCalc introduced
 June 1979 Apple II+ Launched

1980 [Detail]
 1980 Acorn Atom Launched
 29th January Sinclair ZX80 Launched
 June 1980 The Apple /// was announced
 6th November Microsoft Signs Contract with IBM to Create Operating System
 12th December Apple Computer’s Initial Share Offering

1981 [Detail]
 1981 The first ‘portable’ computer is launched
 1981 Space Shuttle uses Intel 8086 and RCA 1802
 1981 Acorn BBC Micro Launched
 March 1981 Introduction of Osborne portable computer in a suitcase
 5th March Sinclair ZX81 Computer Launched
 12th April HP-41 calculator Used In Space Shuttle
 May 1981 VIC-20 Released in Europe & US
 June 1981 Texas Instruments release the TI99/4A in the USA
 25th June Microsoft incorporates
 12th August IBM introduces personal computer with Microsoft's 16-bit operating system, MS-DOS 1.0
 13th August IBM announced that it was launching a personal computer using an Intel 8088

1982 [Detail]
 1982 Paul Allen leaves Microsoft due to Ill Health
 1982 Introduction of Cray X-MP supercomputer
 1982 Japanese Government Sets Out its 'Fifth Generation' Project
 1st February Introduction of Intel 80286 at 6 MHz, with 134,000 transistors
 23rd April Sinclair ZX Spectrum Launched
 August 1982 Commodore 64 Released
 August 1982 Dragon 32 Released

1983 [Detail]
 1983 Tangerine release the Oric 1
 1983 UK Government Launches the Alvey Programme
 January 1983 Introduction of spreadsheet program 1-2-3 by Lotus,
 19th January Apple Lisa Launched
 2nd May Microsoft Introduced 2-button Mouse
 1st June Mattel Release the Aquarius
 15th July The famicom is released in Japan
 10th November Microsoft Introduces Windows

1984 [Detail]
 1984 Philips Release the VG5000
 1984 Creation of Dell Computer Corporation by Michael Dell
 1984 Novelist William Gibson coins the term cyberspace
 1984 IBM’s new 3480 cartridge tape system introduced
 1984 IBM and Compaq introduce the IDE interface
 January 1984 Apple launches Macintosh 128K
 10th May Hewlett Packard release the HP 110 Portable / Laptop
 August 1984 Introduction of IBM PC/AT based on Intel 80286
 September 1984 Macintosh 512K Launched

1985 [Detail]
 1985 First Commodore Amiga Released
 20th February Olivetti buy 49% of Acorn Computers
 26th April First ARM Processor Powered Up
 24th September Steve Jobs founds NeXT Computers Inc.
 October 1985 Introduction of Intel 386
 20th November Microsoft Windows Launched
 4th December Cray X-MP Supercomputer Begins Operation

1986 [Detail]
 1986 Nintendo Entertainment System released
 1986 First PC virus is released with "Brain"
 January 1986 Apple Macintosh Plus launched
 February 1986 Acorn BBC Master Launched
 26th February Microsoft moves to corporate campus in Redmond, Washington
 13th March Microsoft stock goes public
 September 1986 Acorn BBC Master Compact Launched

1987 [Detail]
 1987 Commodore release the Amiga 500 and the Amiga 2000
 March 1987 Macintosh II released
 9th December Windows 2.0 was launched

1988 [Detail]
 1988 RISC OS is released
 1988 The first worm experience appears
 8th August Unisys takes over Convergent Technologies
 30th September IBM announces 3 millionth PS/2 personal computer

1989 [Detail]
 1989 Tim Berners-Lee toyed with the idea of web pages and hyperlinks
 January 1989 Apple introduces the Macintosh SE/30
 September 1989 Apple Macintosh Portable Released

1990 [Detail]
 1990 Introduction of IBM RS/6000
 1990 Hubble Space Telescope uses 386 processor
 1990 Commodore releases the Amiga 3000
 22nd May Microsoft launches Windows 3.0
 September 1990 Sega Launched the Mega Drive Console in Europe

1991 [Detail]
 1991 Linus Torvalds from Finland releases Linux version 0.02
 February 1991 Silicon & Synapse founded
 1st February Sun Microsystems Starts Java Technology
 6th August Tim Berners-Lee publishes the first ever website
 28th August First E-mail From Space Is Sent from a Mac Portable
 October 1991 Apple releases the PowerBook 100

1992 [Detail]
 1992 Internet freed from Government control
 1992 Commodore releases the the Amiga 500+
 6th April Microsoft Releases Windows 3.1

1993 [Detail]
 1993 Commodore released the CD32 Game Console
 1993 Foundation of Nvidia
 19th January IBM announces a loss of $4.97m for 1992
 22nd March Intel Ships "Pentium" Chip"
 August 1993 Apple Newton Message Pad announced
 3rd August Introduction of Apple Newton PDA
 27th August Compaq Introduces Presario

1994 [Detail]
 1994 Netscape Communications Corporation is founded
 January 1994 Yahoo founded January 1994
 April 1994 Silicon & Synapse changes its name to Blizzard Entertainment
 16th April Acorn RISC PC Launched

1995 [Detail]
 1995 Nvidia's NV1 launched
 24th August Microsoft launches Windows 95
 29th September Sony Playstation Launches in Europe

1996 [Detail]
 1996 eBay is founded by Jeff Skoll and Pierre Omidyar
 1996 Apple Computer buys NeXT

1997 [Detail]
 1997, an online bookseller, goes public
 3rd May IBM's Deep Blue Beats Gary Kasparov at Chess
 2nd September IBM announces RS/6000 SP Deep Blue

1998 [Detail]
 May 1998 Introduction of Apple iMac
 25th June Microsoft launches Windows 98
 August 1998 Apple Release the iMac
 September 1998 Foundation of Google by Larry Page and Sergey Brin

1999 [Detail]
 1999 Napster the first file sharing program introduced
 1999 The Millennium bug is taken seriously
 11th October Nvidia releases GeForce 256

2000 [Detail]
 17th February Microsoft launches Windows 2000
 1st June Intel ES7000 server from Unisys introduced
 24th November Playstation 2 Released in Europe

2001 [Detail]
 17th October Apple Launches a New Music Device - The iPod
 25th October Microsoft Releases Windows XP
 2nd December World Computer Literacy Day

2002 [Detail]
 7th November Microsoft and partners launch Tablet PC

2003 [Detail]
 24th April Microsoft launches Windows Server 2003

2004 [Detail]
 1st April Google Announces Gmail
 20th July Microsoft returns $75 billion to shareholders
 20th October First Ubuntu Linux operating system Released
 9th November Firefox 1.0 Introduced

2005 [Detail]
 2005 Google now indexes over 8 billion pages

2006 [Detail]
 25th June Microsoft announces Bill Gates transition

2007 [Detail]
 2007 iPhone introduced
 30th January Microsoft launches Windows Vista and Office 2007

2008 [Detail]
 2008 The HD player war comes to an end
 26th August Virus Found On Computer In Space Station
 22nd October Android operating system released

2010 [Detail]
 20th February First Tweet sent to Twitter on VIC-20
 26th May Apple Surpasses Microsoft as Most Valuable Technology Company
 28th May Apple iPad Launched in the UK

2011 [Detail]
 25th August Steve Jobs retires as CEO of Apple
 5th October Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple, dies age 56

2012 [Detail]
 18th January Wikipedia and others Go Dark in protest anti-piracy law
 25th June Google Brain watches Youtube, recognises cats.
 18th November Wii U released

2013 [Detail]
 11th January Suicide of Aaron Swartz
 5th June Edward Snowden Leaks Top Secret Documents
 15th November PlayStation 4 released
 22nd November Xbox One released

2014 [Detail]
 4th February Bill Gates returns to Microsoft as Technology Adviser
 20th February Facebook buys WhatsApp
 25th March Facebook buys Oculus
 25th March Nvidia at GPU Technology Conference
 26th April New Mexico landfill site is excavated for Atari materials
 18th June Bletchley park officially opens to the public
 25th June Android watches go up for preorder
 25th August Amazon buys Twitch for £585m
 25th October The Queen opens a new 'Information Age' Gallery at the Science Museum

2015 [Detail]
 21st January Microsoft reveals HoloLens headset
 28th January Apple posts biggest quarterly profit in history
 9th March Apple reveals Apple Watch

2016 [Detail]

2017 [Detail]

2018 [Detail]
 15th October Paul Allen dies aged 65

2019 [Detail]

2021 [Detail]

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