Adobe Systems Incorporated was founded in 1982 by John Warnock and Charles Geschke who were working at Xerox Corporation’s Palo Alto (California) Research Center (PARC).
The two computer scientists had developed a programming language specially designed to describe the precise position, shape, and size of objects on a computer-generated page. This page description language (PDL), later known as PostScript, described objects for example, letters and graphics, in mathematical terms, without reference to any specific device, such as a computer or printer. Devices capable of interpreting the language would be able to generate a representation of the page at any resolution the device supported. When Xerox declined to bring the technology to market, Warnock and Geschke formed their own company to do so, naming it after the Adobe Creek that ran behind Warnock's house.
In 1983, at the start of the Desktop Publishing (DTP) revolution, Apple Computer acquired 15% of Adobe and became the first licensee of PostScript. In 1985 Apple introduced the first Apple Macintosh compatible PostScript printer, the LaserWriter, based on a laser-print engine developed by Canon Inc. The LaserWriter included PostScript renditions of several classic typefaces and a PostScript interpreter—in effect, a built-in computer dedicated to the task of translating PostScript commands into marks on each page.
In 1989, Adobe introduced Photoshop for the Macintosh, later to become their flagship product. It was marketed successfully and quickly dominated the market.
I Adobe Premiere was released in 1991. Following this, Adobe made a series of acquisitions and added other products to their line such as PageMaker, FrameMaker, and After Effects. Adobe also control the TIFF file format.
In 1993, Adobe introduced PDF (Portable Document Format) file format, alongside Adobe Acrobat for editing, and Adobe Reader for viewing these files. PDF is now an International Standard: ISO 32000-1:2008.
In 2003 Adobe purchased audio editing and multitrack recording software Cool Edit Pro, later renaming it Adobe Audition, and adding it to their Creative Suite.
In 2005, Adobe acquired its main rival, Macromedia, adding many more products to their portfolio.
In 2013, Adobe endured a major security breach in which vast portions of the source code for the company's software were stolen and posted online, along with over 150 million records of Adobe's customers. Just a year prior, the payment card information for 40 million customers had been compromised by a hack of Adobe.
Adobe has had two name variations: Adobe Systems Incorporated (1982–2018), and Adobe Inc. (2018 - present)
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