Texas Instruments - TI-99/4A
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The Texas Instrument TI-99/4 was the world's first 16-bit home computer. It was released in late 1979 and retailed at $1,150. In 1981 the updated TI-99/4A was released. However, the home computer was not a success and in 1982 a price war with the VIC-20 resulted in Texas Instruments lowering the price of the computer to $49.
The TI-99/4A featured an updated keyboard and updated TMS9918A video chip.
Due to its short lifespan and poor sales the TI-99/4 is quite rare today. The later TI-99/4A was much more popular due to its low price tag later in its life. The TI-99/4A was discontinued in November 1983 due to the fact that Texas Instruments were making a loss on the computer.
Model No: PHC004A. Our two units have the rather different serial numbers: '5081255 LTA3782' and 'R047587 40 83 RC1'.
This facility location (and date of assembly) reference format was also used on TI calculators after 1976.
The modulators were made in France, which caused problems as France did not use the same PAL as the UK.
The 'R' and 'RC' designations on the serial number of the second model in our collection typically indicate that the unit was sent in for repair, repaired and sold again. The "R" or "RC" meant "Reconditioned" or "Reconditioned Console". Quite a few of these "R" units were discounted in price and sold in the TI Employee Stores at each TI site.
Thanks to Stephen Shaw and Rick Payne for this information.
Manufacturer: Texas Instruments
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This exhibit has a reference ID of CH1344. Please quote this reference ID in any communication with the Centre for Computing History.
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