Toshiba HX-10

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Released in May 1984 at the price of £279, the HX-10 was Toshiba's MSX offering.

This was the model most likely to have been seen in UK homes, it did not reach these shores until 1985.

The MSX was an attempt to make a single computer standard, and was manufactured mainly by Japanese companies. Toshiba, Canon, Sony, Pioneer, Sharp, Hitachi, and a good few others. The origin of the name is in dispute, most accept it stands for Microsoft Extended.

Spectravideo in the US and Philips in Europe also produced versions of the machine. Many Japanese companies were trying to get into the home micro market, and Kazuhiko Nishi, Vice President of Microsoft and Ascii, thought it was a good opportunity to standardise the home market.

There were features of the machines that had to be adhered to, such as the four cursor keys, and was originally built around the architecture of the Spectravideo SV-328 computer, and was comprised of off the shelf parts, such as the Z80 CPU and TMS9918 graphics chip.

Most used full travel keyboard, but companies such as Casio produced much smaller machines that had a chiclet keyboard. Memory wise MSX machines could have 16K, 48K, or most commonly like the HX-10 64K.

By the time the MSX arrived in Europe in late 1985, several companies such as Commodore, Amstrad, Acorn and Sinclair had been enjoying great success, and the MSX machines offered little more than those already on the market, and cost a great deal more.

Also in Japan software would come on Cartridge, and although these were available in Europe, the most common way of loading into the machine was via tape, the HX-10 was even packaged with a tape deck.

Needing tape software, the games companies in the UK and elsewhere were more likely to convert games from the Spectrum, as the architecture with the Z80 was similar, but due to the slower video access, the games were seen as little more than less speedy Spectrum games.

The HX-10 does have a good range of connections on the machine, the power switch is on the left hand side, and the PSU is internal, on the right side are two Atari style joystick ports, and also a centronics interface port. On top of the machine is a cartridge slot, and the rear has the Expansion bus, video out and audio out, the RF and the DIN plug for the cassette lead.

The standard did not go nearly as worldwide as intended, having only a small impact in the UK and France, doing better in the Netherlands and Spain, and also selling well in Japan and S Korea.

If it had released a couple of years earlier throughout the world, and produced cheaper, it could have been a real contender.

Processor: Z80A
Speed: 3.6
RAM: 64
ROM: 32
Sound: 3 channels
Interfaces: Cassette interface, Joystick port(9 pin D-type), Cartridge slot

Manufacturer: Toshiba
Date: 1983

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Toshiba HX-10 Manuals:

Item Manufacturer Date
ICL Training - IDMS Design ICL 1987

Magazines RELATED to Toshiba HX-10 in our Library

Item Manufacturer Date
Dragon User - October 1984 1984
Dragon User - September 1984 1984
Dragon User - August 1984 1984
Practical Computing - April 1984 Apr 1984
Personal Computer World - December 1984 Dec 1984
Dragon User - June 1985 Jun 1985

Other Systems Related To Toshiba HX-10:

Item Manufacturer Date
Toshiba HX-10 Kit Toshiba 1983
Toshiba T3100 Toshiba 1986
Toshiba T1200 Toshiba 1987
Toshiba T3200 Toshiba 1987
Toshiba T3200 SXC Toshiba 1987
Toshiba T1000 Toshiba 1987
Toshiba T3100/20 Toshiba 1987
Toshiba T3100e (1) Toshiba 1988
Toshiba T3100e (2) Toshiba 1988
Toshiba 4700CT Toshiba 1990
Toshiba T3300SL/80 Toshiba 1991
Toshiba T5200/100 Toshiba 1st June 1991
Toshiba T2200SX Toshiba 1992
Toshiba T2000SX Toshiba 1992
Toshiba T4400SX Notebook Toshiba 1992
Toshiba T1900C Toshiba 1993
Toshiba T6600C Toshiba 1993
Toshiba T2100 Toshiba 1995
Toshiba Satellite S320CDT 4.0GB Toshiba 1995
Toshiba Tecra 730CDTZ-1EB Toshiba 1996
Toshiba Satellite Pro 420 CDS/810 Toshiba 1996
Toshiba Libretto 100CT Toshiba 17th April 1996
Toshiba Libretto 50CT Toshiba 17th April 1996
Toshiba Libretto 110CT Toshiba 17th April 1996
Toshiba Satellite S4000CDS/4.0 Toshiba 1997
Toshiba Portégé 300CT Toshiba 1997
Toshiba Tecra 8000 Toshiba 1998
Toshiba Satellite Pro 4300 Series - SP4320 Toshiba January 2000
Toshiba Portege R500-10U Toshiba 2008

This exhibit has a reference ID of CH729. Please quote this reference ID in any communication with the Centre for Computing History.


Toshiba HX-10

  Book Archive   [8]
  Games Archive   [132]
  Software Archive   [23]
  Peripherals   [9]

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