ICL

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Timeline for ICL :

Date Event
1703 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz invents the binary system
21 Aug 1888 William Seward Burroughs patents his calculating machine
30 Jan 1925 Douglas Engelbart is born
22 Oct 1925 Julius Lilienfeld patents the transistor
1938 Eryl Wynn-Williams invents the scale-of-two counter
14 Feb 1946 ENIAC is announced
9 Sep 1947 First computer "bug" is found
5 Sep 1951 LEO I computer becomes operational
8 Aug 1953 Jay Forrester installs magnetic core memory at MIT
24 Feb 1955 Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple, is born
3 Jun 1960 SEGA is founded
1 Jul 1961 Computerized spreadsheets first described
1964 Douglas Engelbart invents the mouse
23 Jul 1965 Commodore Business Machines floats on the Montreal Stock Exchange
29 Mar 1967 Texas Instruments invents the pocket calculator
Jun 1967 Elliott Automation merges with English Electric
18 Jul 1968 Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore found Intel Corporation
9 Dec 1968 Douglas Engelbart publicly demonstrates the mouse
16 Oct 1969 ICL 1906A trebles power at Chilton Atlas Lab
17 Sep 1970 Open University to install ICL 32K 1902A computer
12 Nov 1970 ICL announces system 4/72
1 Jul 1971 ICL go ahead for 5 million sales to Russia
11 Nov 1971 First ICL 1906A arrives in Russia
15 Nov 1971 Intel launches the 4004, the first microprocessor
6 Jan 1972 ICL support saves Consolidated
13 Jan 1972 ICL 1900 Series
20 Jan 1972 ICL 1904A at Farnborough
9 Mar 1972 ICL 1904A
13 Mar 1972 Intel introduces the 8008 microprocessor
20 Apr 1972 ICL 1906A
27 Apr 1972 ICL 1906S
4 May 1972 ICL government deal
25 May 1972 ICL 4/52
8 Jun 1972 ICL awarded contract by DTI
6 Jul 1972 ICL Key-Edit System
27 Jul 1972 ICL System 4/72
3 Aug 1972 ICL 4/70 and the Post Office
10 Aug 1972 The Future of ICL as a British-controlled going concern
28 Sep 1972 Grundy buys ICL shareholding
5 Oct 1972 ICL 1904S
12 Oct 1972 ICL 4/50 and 4/70
19 Oct 1972 ICL 1940A
26 Oct 1972 ICL 1900
9 Nov 1972 ICL Datastream
26 Apr 1973 ICL launch 2903
3 May 1973 ICL studies giant array system
21 Jun 1973 ICL Key-Edit 1000
21 Jun 1973 ICL launch Key-Edit 100
28 Jun 1973 ICL Grid 77
19 Jul 1973 Biggest Czech order for ICL System 4/72
28 Jul 1973 ICL to get first Grid 77 order
9 Aug 1973 ICL and Ferranti
9 Aug 1973 British Airways Board place contracts worth nearly 2m with ICL and Ferranti
23 Aug 1973 ICL adds 7900 to range controllers
6 Sep 1973 ICL P3 and P4
29 Nov 1973 ICL-based system at Islington
7 Feb 1974 ICL 1901T and 1902T
12 Apr 1974 Intel introduces the 8080 microprocessor
2 May 1974 ICL receive largest single order yet for 2903s
2 May 1974 Second ICL 1904S to be installed at Queen Mary College
9 May 1974 ICL and CPI
23 May 1974 ICL 1903T/2903
30 May 1974 ICL 2903
1 Apr 1976 ICL2960 system introduced
13 Jan 1977 Commodore introduces the PET 2001
14 Dec 1978 News Article : ICL Exports
11 Jan 1979 News Article : ICL chairman Tom Hudson to retire
11 May 1979 VisiCalc publicly demonstrated for the first time
Feb 1981 News Article : New answer to old problem
May 1982 News Article : Education at all levels
Jun 1982 News Article : ICL advances into the microcomputer market
Oct 1982 News Article : Now CP/M appears on multiprocessor ICL
Apr 1983 News Article : ICL plumps for the Intel 8085
13 Sep 1983 Osborne Computer declares bankruptcy
Oct 1983 Marconi buys Quest CAE Assets
20 Sep 1984 Acorn Launch the ABC Micro
23 May 1985 News Article : Atari offers 520ST in three versions
23 May 1985 News Article : Kempston develop QL's first mouse package
23 May 1985 News Article : CPC464 Roms released by Micro Power
23 May 1985 News Article : Games Workshop backs off
23 May 1985 News Article : DK'tronics Popeye and Hagar out soon
13 Jun 1985 News Article : Space robots kit crosses Atlantic
18 Jul 1985 News Article : Writ against Sir Clive Sinclair from Hoover
17 Sep 1985 Steve Jobs leaves Apple to start NeXT
24 Oct 1985 News Article : Sir Clive's C5 venture appoints receiver
14 Jan 1986 Acorn announces the BBC Master
27 Apr 1989 ICL introduces DRS model 40 and 45
7 Mar 1990 Sony Launches PalmTop Computer - PTC-500
17 Sep 1991 Linus Torvalds releases Linux
20 Dec 1996 Apple buys NeXT, and Steve Jobs returns
6 May 1998 Apple announces the iMac
29 Jun 2007 Apple introduces the iPhone
20 Oct 2008 HTC releases the first Android smartphone
11 Jan 2013 Aaron Swartz dies
6 Jun 2013 Edward Snowden reveals NSA digital surveillance
23 Oct 2019 Google claims to achieve quantum supremacy
30 Nov 2022 OpenAI launches ChatGPT


Hardware Products

ICL Hand Key Punch Card Machine

ICL Hand Key Punch Card Machine
Unknown
ICL Hand Punched Card Hand Punch for the 80 column cards.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL OPD Colour Monitor

ICL OPD Colour Monitor
Unknown
This colour monitor was an alternative to the 12" monochrome monitor supplied with the ICL One-Per-Desk computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICT Modified Punch Card Machine

ICT Modified Punch Card Machine
Unknown
Produced by International Computers and Tabulators (ICT).

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL Card Gauge

ICL Card Gauge
Unknown
This ICL Card Gauge is made from Stainless Steel and is an E.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL System 25 PLU

ICL System 25 PLU
Unknown
A pair of printer control peripheral for the ICL System 25.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

Ferranti ICL Paper Tape Reader 1016-9

Ferranti ICL Paper Tape Reader 1016-9
1967
This unit was mounted on a punch unit ICL 1016-9 S.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL Terminal 2255/1

ICL Terminal 2255/1
1974
Heavy terminal that was formerly in Kimbolton School to demonstrate an old style computer system.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL EDS-200 Disk Pack

ICL EDS-200 Disk Pack
1974
ICL EDS-200 Disk Packs were used in the ICL 2900 Series was a range of mainframe computer systems announced by the UK manufacturer ICL on 9 October 1974.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/11

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/11
1981
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL PERQ 1 Workstation

ICL PERQ 1 Workstation
1981
The PERQ, also referred to as the Three Rivers PERQ or ICL PERQ, was a pioneering workstation computer produced in the early 1980s.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/05

ICL Personal Computer Model 30 8120/05
1981
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL DRS8801

ICL DRS8801
1983
The ICL DRS8801 was designed primarily as a word processor rather than as a general purpose computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL PERQ 2 T1 Workstation

ICL PERQ 2 T1 Workstation
1983
ICL PERQ 2 T1 (or ICL 8222). The PERQ, also referred to as the Three Rivers PERQ or ICL PERQ, was a pioneering workstation computer produced in the early 1980s.The workstation was conceived by six for...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

Designer Prototype ICL OPD

Designer Prototype ICL OPD
1984
This is an early version of the One Per Desk, to finalise the design of the machine.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL NB386S

ICL NB386S
1984
Note book that were actually a rebranded Siemens-Nixdorf PCD-2N, other identical, but rebranded notebook computers were also released by Research Machines, as well as Packard Bell and Targa.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Personal Computer Model 36 - 8122/20

ICL Personal Computer Model 36 - 8122/20
1st June 1984
The ICL Personal Computer (ICL PC) started production in 1981.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL OPD

ICL OPD
1985
The One Per Desk, or OPD, was an innovative hybrid personal computer / telecommunications terminal based on the hardware of the Sinclair QL.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Perq 3A

ICL Perq 3A
1985
The PERQ 3A (otherwise known as the ICL 3300 Advanced Graphics Workstation) was developed by ICL as a replacement for the PERQ 2 in 1985.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

BT Merlin Tonto

BT Merlin Tonto
1985
The Tonto was the same model as the ICL OPD and the Telcom ComputerPhone which was intended for the Australian market.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL OPD (Boxed)

ICL OPD (Boxed)
1985
The One Per Desk, or OPD, was an innovative hybrid personal computer / telecommunications terminal based on the hardware of the Sinclair QL.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL - Microlan 2 Communications Board

ICL - Microlan 2 Communications Board
1987
This 8-bit ISA expansion card from ICL is a Microlan 2 Communications Board for connecting DRS Workstations to PCs.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Peripheral

ICL DRS M15

ICL DRS M15
1988
The ICL DRS was a range of departmental computers from International Computers Limited (ICL).

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL DRS M45

ICL DRS M45
1988
The ICL DRS was a range of departmental computers from International Computers Limited (ICL).

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer

ICL Fujitsu PCTV

ICL Fujitsu PCTV
March 1995
ICL Plc announced the PCTV - a fully configured multimedia personal computer and television set with 14 screen and Nicam stereo combined in a single unit, and the Indiana multimedia home computer range, each in a charcoal coloured casing.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Computer


Software Products

Round The Horn / Star Trek

Round The Horn / Star Trek
Unknown
Two games from type-ins from magazines, along with the type-in and information from Computer & Video Games magazine.

Manufacturer :
Type : Software - Game

Spelling 1

Spelling 1
Unknown
Listen to the word spoken on your tape recorder, then spell it out on your ZX81.

Manufacturer : ICL . WH Smith
Type : Software - Game

History 1

History 1
Unknown
From 1066 to 1981, find out when important events occurred.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 2

Super Programs 2
1981
Five games plus easy conversion between inches/feet/yards and centimetres/metres.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 1

Super Programs 1
1981
Five games programs plus easy conversion between pints/gallons and litres.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 3

Super Programs 3
1981
Five games plus currency conversion at will - for example, dollars to pounds.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 6

Super Programs 6
1981
Six games making full use of the ZX81's moving graphics capability.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 5

Super Programs 5
1981
Five games plus easy conversion between English and continental dress sizes.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 4

Super Programs 4
1981
Five games plus easy conversion between miles per gallon and European fuel consumption figures.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

How to program the ZX81

How to program the ZX81
1981
Sessions 1 to 5 Comes with workbook ...

Manufacturer : International Computers Ltd
Type : Software - Game

Club Record Controller

Club Record Controller
1982
Enables clubs to hold records of up to 100 members on one cassette.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software

Inventions 1

Inventions 1
1982
Who invented television? What was the dangerous 'Lucifer'? Two programs: Inventions before 1850 Inventions since 1850...

Manufacturer : ICL / WH Smith
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs

Super Programs
1982
...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Geography 1

Geography 1
1982
The computer shows you a map and a list of towns.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

English Literature 2

English Literature 2
1982
Who wrote 'Song of the Shirt'? Which playwright also played cricket for England? Programs: Poets Playwrights Modern Authors...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Embassy Assault (Sealed)

Embassy Assault (Sealed)
1982
Undoubtedly inspired by the Iranian embassy siege, in which the SAS stormed the building and rescued all the hostages, eliminating the perpetrators in the process.

Manufacturer : Sinclair Research
Type : Software - Game

Super Programs 7

Super Programs 7
1982
Collection of 6 games for the ZX81: Racetrack Chase NIM Tower of Hanoi Docking the Spaceship Golf...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software - Game

Club Record Controller

Club Record Controller
1982
Collection of 6 games for the ZX81: Racetrack Chase NIM Tower of Hanoi Docking the Spaceship Golf.

Manufacturer : Sinclair Research
Type : Software - Game

Sinclair ZX Spectrum 16K Tape - G1/S

Sinclair ZX Spectrum 16K Tape - G1/S
1982
Original tape supplied with the 16K ZX Spectrum.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software

Collector's Pack

Collector's Pack
1982
A utility for keeping track of a collection, just what every hobbyist needed back in 1982, the program could save 400 records of up to six items on one cassette, sorting them into order.

Manufacturer : Sinclair
Type : Software - Game

Collector's Pack

Collector's Pack
1982
This comprehensive program allows collectors of stamps etc.

Manufacturer : Sinclair
Type : Software - Game

Games 3

Games 3
1982
Includes: Mind the Meteors Daylight Robbery Battleships Invisible Invader...

Manufacturer : Sinclair Research Ltd.
Type : Software - Game

Games 1

Games 1
1982
Includes: Martian Knock-Out Racetrack Labyrinth Skittles...

Manufacturer : Sinclair Research Ltd.
Type : Software - Game

Membership Manager

Membership Manager
1983
Database program for the BBC Micro Model B...

Manufacturer : Acornsoft
Type : Software - Game

One To Nine

One To Nine
1983
...

Manufacturer : Acornsoft
Type : Software - Game

ICL-Link Termilink and VT-Link

ICL-Link Termilink and VT-Link
1985
Software to link the OPD to a PC and Network Kindly donated by John Daines...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software

Fairlight - 2 Trail of Darkness

Fairlight - 2 Trail of Darkness
1985
Continue as Ivsar in his quest to bring light from darkness...

Manufacturer : The Edge
Type : Software - Game

ICL Software Package

ICL Software Package
1986
Database software package containing: EtherTeam 16i & 32 EISA LAN support software ICL HRA10 and integrated HRA10i utilities & drivers PhoenixCARD Manager Plus ErgoClient Utilities & Drive...

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Software

The Seven Gates of Jambala

The Seven Gates of Jambala
1989
A side-scrolling platformer/adventure game.

Manufacturer : Thalion
Type : Software - Game

Subwar 2050

Subwar 2050
1993
Futuristic Submarine simulator,...

Manufacturer : Sold Out
Type : Software - Game


Promotional Items

ICL Neck Tie

ICL Neck Tie
Unknown
This tie is the original issued to engineers by ICL.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL Neck Ties

ICL Neck Ties
Unknown
These ties were very kindly donated by Jim Cannon who worked for ICL for many years.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICT/ICL Badges

ICT/ICL Badges
Unknown
These badges appear to be designed to attach to the front a a computer or peripheral, identifying it as an ICL or ICT product.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

Link Level III

Link Level III
Unknown
Double-sided advertising leaflet for Link Level III, a pharmacy software system developed by Vestric and ICL, for use with the ICL Personal Computer.

Manufacturer : Vestric, ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL - Meet the Computer

ICL - Meet the Computer
Unknown
Promotional document for ICL's 1900 series mainframe computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL 1900 Series Brochure

ICL 1900 Series Brochure
November 1966
Promotional 12 page illustrated leaflet for the ICL 1900 series PROMPT Production Control system which covers, breakdown, stock control, factory planning & control and purchase control.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL - ICL 1901A Brochure - 'More Power for Management'

ICL - ICL 1901A Brochure - 'More Power for Management'
1970
This brochure advertises the ICL 1901A, a mainframe business system first delivered in 1969.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

 ICL 2900 Series Management Overview

ICL 2900 Series Management Overview
September 1974
ICL 2900 Series Management Overview September 1974A4 landscape format with 20 pages with colour photos.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL Personal Computer

ICL Personal Computer
1983
Six-page foldout brochure with specifications for the ICL Personal Computer, with additional price list.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL Personal Computer - Brochure

ICL Personal Computer - Brochure
1984
Promotional brochure for the ICL Personal Computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL Personal Computer

ICL Personal Computer
1984
Six-page foldout brochure for the ICL Personal Computer.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item

ICL Pim Server Brochure

ICL Pim Server Brochure
1995
ICL Parallel Interactive Media Server colour leaflet.

Manufacturer : ICL
Type : Promotional Item


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Magazine Articles About ICL

 

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